Edition: January 2021

By: Thomas Ray Garcia

Despite the passage of the Civil Rights Act, many Texas towns remained segregated along racial and socioeconomic lines in the 1970s. The City of Pharr, incorporated in 1916, was divided by the railroad tracks on what is now U.S. 83 Business: Most affluent Anglos lived on the south side and most poor Mexicans and African-Americans lived to the north, an area that suffered from a lack of basic resources and poor infrastructure…

By: Chuy Ramirez

In February, 1971, violations of a person’s civil rights could have been redressed through a federal cause of action now popularly referred to as a “section 1983 cause of action”.[1]  But Manuel Mata was not aware of his rights when a City of Pharr, Texas police officer gave him a beating and broke two of his ribs.  Twenty-four year old Guadalupe Salinas suffered a similar fate, receiving severe bruises about his face.  Both had been victims, allegedly, of an police officer within the department…
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